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Definitions & Standards of Biodegradability

ASTM International is one of the largest voluntary standards development organizations in the world -- a trusted source for technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services. Known for their high technical quality and market relevancy, ASTM International standards have an important role in the information infrastructure that guides design, manufacturing and trade in the global economy.

Standards developed at ASTM are the work of over 30,000 ASTM members. These technical experts represent producers, users, consumers, government and academia from over 120 countries. Participation in ASTM International is open to all with a material interest, anywhere in the world.

The Biodegradable Products Institute worked with ASTM and its members to develop acceptable standards for biodegradable products that truly biodegrade and have no detrimental impact on composting, agriculture or soil.

ASTM D6400:
Test to certify if a product can be composted
ASTM D6868: Test to determine if a biodegradable plastic is truly biodgradable
EN 13432 European test to determine biodegradability of plastics.


BPI is a science-driven organization that supports a shift to the circular economy by promoting the production, use, and appropriate end of lives for materials and products that are designed to fully biodegrade in specific biologically active environments.

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